Latex paint is basically a water-based paint that should only be diluted using water.
Since oil and water do not mix and cannot work together, you should NEVER use a paint thinner, mineral spirits, or turpentine for thinning latex paints.
Before mixing, always check the product and the guidelines printed on a paint can label.
If it says “latex”, you should always use clean and fresh water from the faucet to thin the paint down.
On the other hand, if it’s an oil-based enamel paint you are working with, you will require a solvent-based paint thinner.
Do not ever mix water into oil-based paints!
What Will Happen if You Add Thinner to Latex Paint?
Since water-based latex paints are incompatible with oils and solvents, you will be left with a crappy mess if you try to mix them with paint thinners or mineral spirits.
Paint thinner when poured in a latex paint bucket will most likely cause the separation of paint pigments.
And the end product you will get by mixing them will no longer a “paint” but simply trash that is good for nothing.
Many people I know, have tried diluting latex paint with a lacquer thinner – just for the sake of fun and experimenting.
But they ended up getting a useless product which they can’t use for painting walls, or any furniture.
So, if you really want to save your expensive paint from getting wasted, avoid doing it.
Instead, use water in the proper ratio and follow the correct guidelines to get the right consistency and paint finish.
So, How to Thin Latex Paints for Brushing or Rolling?
If you are using a paint brush or a roller, the best way to thin latex paint and primer is by pouring them into a bucket and adding water.
How much water you will need to thin latex paint will generally depend on the type and brand of paint you will be using.
But in most cases, you should be fine with adding about 1½ cup of water for every gallon of latex paint.
It’s good NOT to add this much water at once.
But you can start with ½ cup of water and then add gradually as you need.
- Mix it thoroughly using a thin wooden stick or a paint stirrer
- Add some more water (if required) while you are still stirring the paint with a stirrer
- Mix it for several minutes until you get the right consistency
To check the paint for its viscosity, you can finally run the thinned down paint through a funnel.
If it flows freely, it’s clear that the paint you now have is thinned enough and can be applied easily using a paintbrush or a roller.
Tips for Thinning Latex Paint for Your Wagner Spray Gun
Wagner spray paint guns are most popular when it comes to spraying latex paint.
But before you can spray (your walls, ceilings, or exterior bricks) with this machine you will need to thin the latex paint with water up to the extent that is neither too thin nor too thick.
If you make it too thin, the paint will be watery. And you will need to put several layers before you can get a nice look.
If the paint remains too thick, the sprayer will have a hard time spraying the paint and you will be wasting your time and efforts trying to fix the problem.
Basically, you will need to get the right consistency that does not hamper the functionality of the machine and can be sprayed easily without clogging the nozzle.
Wagner sprayers suggest the following steps for latex paint thinning…
- In a 5-gallon clean paint-bucket pour 1/2 gallon of water
- Next, pour 1 gallon of latex paint into a bucket with water
- Place the lid of the bucket and shake the mixture well 4-5 times
- Open the lid and check the consistency of mixed paint using a funnel with a small spout
- If the paint does not flow freely and is not thinned well (according to the paint sprayer specifications) add about half a cup of water and shake the mixture again
While thinning the latex or acrylics, also determine where you will be applying the paint (like interior or exterior), on what kind of surface (whether porous or non-porous), and how many layers of paints you will be putting.
All of these factors will also play an important role in deciding how thin you want your paint to be.
Few Tips and Precautions:
Always spray the paint on a small area (like a siding or a piece of plywood) to test and determine the consistency of the paint.
If you are using an old used paint, stir it well and strain it before you spray it using your sprayer machine. This will remove any dirt or debris that may have accumulated.
If you think thinning latex paint will change the color, you are wrong.
Thinning the paint will not change its color. But to achieve the right color you will need to apply more coats.
Temperature and humidity will also affect the thickness of the paint.
If it’s cool weather, you are working in, you will need to thin your paint a bit extra than compared to hot weather.
Other Related Questions:
Can You Thin Latex Paint with Floetrol?
Thinning latex paint with Floetrol isn’t your solution because it’s a paint conditioner and not a paint thinner.
Floetrol is basically a product that can help make your latex paints work much like oil paints.
This means if you need to perform a paint job in conditions that are not ideal (like at high temperatures or low humidity) you can mix Floetrol conditioning agent to the paint.
This will avoid the paint from drying too fast and will make spraying much easier through your spray gun.
There are however few drawbacks you will need to keep in mind when using Floetrol.
- It can make your paint go runny
- It’s not recommended for oil-based paints
- It can reduce the sheen of high gloss paints
- It increases the drying time of the paint so you need to plan accordingly
Can You Use Alcohol to Thin Latex Paint?
Denatured alcohol is a versatile solvent.
It’s a great cleaner solution which is very effective for removing paints from various surfaces.
Plus, you can thin latex paints, acrylics, shellac, lacquers, resins and inks with alcohol if you want.
While using isopropyl alcohol as a paint thinner, just make sure that you do not mix them with water or any other solvents.
Can You Use Paint Thinner to Clean Latex Paint Brushes?
Latex paint if dried on your paint brush or a sprayer, can easily be cleaned in a sink using warm water.
You can further soften your hardened paint brushes using products like baby oil.
Stubborn paints will however, require some elbow and grease.
If you find the paint hard to remove, you can use small quantity of mineral spirits or lacquer thinner.
This will soften the paint and will make it easier for you to remove from the brushes.
The process should be followed by rinsing with warm soapy water and finally with fresh clear water.
Paint thinners and mineral spirits are a petroleum based products.
These are not meant to work on water based primers, latex paints, shellac or lacquers.
You should only use them for thinning oil-based paints and to remove oil-based paints from paintbrushes, rollers, or other equipment while the paint is still wet.
For thinning latex paints that can be used in sprayer guns, you should use regular tap water in a proper ratio.
Plus, when applying them on the surface strictly adhere to the manufacturer’s guidelines so that you can get the professional-looking finish you require.
Douglas Becker (aka Painter Doug) has over twenty years of experience as a painter in Adkins, Texas. At present, he resides in Florida with his family.
From painting multi-storeyed houses, condos, and apartments to large commercial buildings and small offices, he had served various customers in areas not only in Adkins but also in Southwest Florida, Sarasota, Naples, and many more. To know more about him check here.