The stair risers are the visible vertical part of the step.
While the tread is where the feet land to go up or down the stairs, the risers are what is seen when looking at the stairs from the bottom floor.
Covering the tread with carpet or tile has its drawbacks but using paint for the riser is simple because it can be touched up easily and changed when desired.
If you want to give your hardwood stairs a new look without heavy investment, then repainting the stair risers and treads with a different color or pattern will do the job.
How to Paint Wood Stair Risers?
Poorly maintained hardwood stairs and stair risers can say a million words about how much you care about your property.
No matter whether you choose to DIY paint the risers or opt to hire a professional painter, make sure that the right steps are followed to ensure you get the best-desired results.
Step 1. Prepare the stairs
Preparing your staircase before painting is important to ensure the paint is applied evenly and smoothly.
- Start by removing the carpet from the stairs if you have it installed
- Then remove any nails or staples
- Next, clear all the dirt and debris from your staircase using a vacuum
- If you have a baby or pet at home consider placing a baby gate at the top and bottom of the stairwell
Step 2. Protect the steps
After you have cleaned the stairs, cover your hardwood steps with some old newspapers or plastic sheets.
IMO, plastic sheets will work better as you do not need to worry about the paint drips with them.
But the plastic sheeting can cause slips and falls, so you need to be extra cautious when using them.
When covering with protective covering, make sure you extend the sheet from the riser’s base to the step’s nose.
If required also tape off the edges properly with painter’s tape.
Step 3. Sand the stairs
Using 60 to 80 grit sandpaper sand the stair risers lightly including the corners.
This will help remove the old paint (or varnish).
Plus, it will help in better adhesion so that the new primer and paint on wood are received properly.
Step 4. Clean and let it dry
After sanding vacuum or wipe the stairs using a damp cloth to make them dust-free.
If you have used a damp cloth, let the surface dry completely for an hour.
Be sure that you do not wet the wooden stair risers as applying primer paint on a damp surface may trap the moisture that can appear as ugly stains later.
Step 5. Prime the stair risers
Using natural bristle brushes, apply the primer to the stair risers in the direction of wood grains.
It’s good to use a heavy-duty primer for stair risers made of MDF or plywood as it can hold up to foot traffic very well.
Plus, you will need to apply at least two coats of primer to ensure that the paint sticks well and deliver a smooth finish.
Do not forget to wait for a few hours between the two primer coats.
And allow enough time to completely dry the primer before you paint.
Step 6. Apply the paint on the risers
Using a foam brush or a mini roller apply two coats of paint to the risers.
While starting from the top of the stairs you should patiently work your way down to the bottom so that you do not get stuck upstairs.
The best paint for stair risers is the one that is designed for painting floors and porches.
As these paints are meant to withstand foot traffic they are highly durable and can last for long.
When choosing the paint for stairs you can also opt for non-toxic paints (like Rust-Oleum chalky finish floor paint) with low or no volatile organic compound (VOC) content.
Step 7. Final touch-ups and cleaning
After you have applied the paint on risers and they have dried, it’s good to recheck each riser if they need any repair.
If required, make the repairs and final touch-ups using a small detail brush.
After all is set, remove the tape carefully and then protective sheets.
Satin vs. Flat Finish for Stair Risers?
Satin paint or flat paint isn’t a type of paint but it’s a type of finish.
No doubt, the satin finish is more flexible than the flat. Keeping that in mind, you should definitely use satin paint on the stair risers.
So, if you have any type of ding or dents on your stairs, a satin paint finish will cover all flaws.
Keep in mind that satin paint is different from flat paints as it contains 30 percent of the gloss that is mixed with the paint.
So, if you want to get a flat non-glossy look on your stair risers it’s good to use flat paints instead.
Tips and Warnings
- Plan your painting job early morning or when everyone is out for work.
- Apply the paint slowly and carefully to the risers making sure there are no drips on the stair.
- If you choose to paint your stair in more than one color, use masking tape to mark your design first.
- You can also use stencils to add designs to your stair risers. And paint them in different contrasting colors.
- Instead of applying a single thick coat of paint, apply multiple thin coats. This will dry sooner and will last much longer.
- Before walking or using your stairs, ensure that the paint is completely dry. The longer you wait the stronger the paint will get.
Should You Polyurethane Painted Stairs?
Yes, when you have already painted your stair risers, it’s good to add an extra layer of protection by applying a coat of polyurethane over it.
The poly coat will help in protecting your stairs from heavy foot traffic that can cause the paint to crack and chip over time.
Plus, a coat of polyurethane on your stair risers will also give the hardwood a glossy sheen that makes it easy for you to do all the cleaning.
With all that said, it’s important to know that applying polyurethane to stair risers can be tricky, especially at times if you need to use your staircase while the finish is still drying.
So, you will need to plan ahead so that you can get around this problem.
Below are a few easy steps you will need to follow when you plan to apply a coat of polyurethane to your stair risers…
Step 1 –
Gently sand each stair riser with 120 grit sandpaper to make the surface smooth.
Vacuum the fine dust and wipe the surface with a cotton cloth.
Step 2 –
Slowly invert the can of polyurethane about 8 to 10 times as you work.
Avoid shaking the can as it will create bubbles that can hamper the finish.
Step 3 –
Using a paintbrush, designed to be used with oil-based paints, apply a thin even layer of polyurethane.
It’s good to maintain a wet edge (overlap each stroke) while you work. This will prevent lap marks.
Step 4 –
Continue applying the polyurethane to the next steps down the stairs.
When all the steps are done allow 6 to 12 hours to dry the poly.
The recommended time will depend on the wood type and the brand of polyurethane you have used.
So, check the label for instructions.
Step 5 –
When the polyurethane is dried, sand the surface once again using 220-grit sandpaper to dull the shine.
Next, apply the second coat of poly to each stair riser as you have done before. And allow it to dry.
Sand again to dull the sheen.
Step 6 –
Now it’s time to apply the final coat of polyurethane.
Let it dry for about 24 hours and do not sand this final coat.
Keep in mind that a freshly coated polyurethane may take about 30 days to cure completely.
So, avoid using your rugs or stair carpets for about 2-3 weeks.
What Color to Paint Your Wooden Stair Risers?
Stair risers when painted white tend to highlight the natural oak wood of your stairs.
Plus, it also makes your staircase and other surrounding areas look more spacious.
With that said, you do not always have to use white which is easily the most common color to paint your wooden stair risers.
This simply means that instead of being limited to variations of white, you can choose darker colors like brown, blues, dark gray, and even black to repaint them.
Using dark colors creates a dramatic appearance to the stairs when applied to the risers, especially when offset by white along the walls.
But there are other choices you can make for stair risers depending on the location in your home.
For example, bright, beautiful colors are the perfect way to augment stair risers that lead to a playroom or child’s bedroom.
You can paint bold stripes such as blue or yellow over white on the risers.
You can also paint circles, stars, or dots over white to create that unique, colorful appearance.
If you want to use even more colors, try creating a rainbow effect with a different color on each riser.
If the home décor is dominated by bright, colorful furnishings, you can augment that effect by using strong colors on your stair risers.
A chevron pattern using cream or gray can really bring out the stairs in such an environment.
You can also use the paint to create the appearance of different materials such as leather, plaster, or marble.
This can really add to the look of your home. Plus, you can connect a nearby room or hallway to the stairs by using the same color combination.
What about the sheen?
Paint with a Semi-Gloss finish is mostly recommended for wooded stair risers as they can dry to a harder finish that is relatively easy to clean.
Particularly, the glossy effect you get with this type of sheen pairs nicely with all wood tones.
Also, it can withstand common wear and tear and is therefore much more durable.
Should You Paint the Risers or Stain the Treads First?
You should generally paint the risers first after cleaning up your stairs, then stain the treads.
Using this strategy you will be able to remove any paint drips you get on the treads before you stain them.
Plus, painted risers will be much easier to protect from getting the stain when you stain the treads.
For staining your hardwood stair treads after you have painted the risers, follow these simple steps…
- Starting from the top steps, apply the stain to the treads using a brush
- Allow enough time to soak up the stain on the treads before you move down the steps
- Keep a rag in your hand to wipe away the stain, just in case it drips on the stairs
In most cases, you will need to apply two coats of stain to the stair treads but it may vary depending on the design, condition, and type of wood material.
Once you have applied the stain on the treads and allowed it to dry, you can apply a good floor finish (like clear oil urethane) to the treads if you want.
How Do You Keep the Stair Risers Clean After Painting?
Freshly painted stair risers, particularly those painted white, are susceptible to black scuff marks very soon.
These become noticeable even from far and can become very difficult to clean if left ignored for a long time.
All you require is a few minutes and you can remove scuff marks very easily.
Here are a few easy steps you can follow to keep the white stair risers clean…
- Take a piece of rag and moisten it slightly in all-purpose cleaner
- Rub this moistened rag over the dirty stair risers in gentle circular motions
- Take another rag piece and dampen it with water
- Lightly wipe the stair risers and make sure you rinse off all the cleaner
- Finally, wipe the stair risers with a clean towel and allow them dry naturally
- If you see any further black marks, repeat the process once again
Should Stairs Match the Flooring That’s Upstairs or Downstairs?
The answer to this question really depends on the overall design of your home and what you’re trying to achieve with your decor.
If you want to create a feeling of continuity and flow throughout your house, then it makes sense to have the same wood floors on your stairs as you do in the rest of your house.
On the other hand, if you’re trying to create a more dynamic and interesting look, then using different wood floors on your stairs can be a great way to do that.
Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to have matching floors upstairs and downstairs is a personal one that depends on your specific needs and preferences.
The stairs are as much a part of your home as the foyers, hallways, and all the other rooms in your home.
Hence, your efforts in repainting the visible parts like stair risers should be to compliment your home décor and not detract from it.
Black and white are the truest neutral colors that work with just about any other color.
You can paint your wood stair risers in such colors and then choose something different to provide balance.
Douglas Becker (aka Painter Doug) has over twenty years of experience as a painter in Adkins, Texas. At present, he resides in Florida with his family.
From painting multi-storeyed houses, condos, and apartments to large commercial buildings and small offices, he had served various customers in areas not only in Adkins but also in Southwest Florida, Sarasota, Naples, and many more. To know more about him check here.